n Mindfulness-based cognitive
therapy may help prevent the
recurrence of depression, according to
a meta-analysis that included data from
more than 1,200 people with a history
of recurrent depression who were in full
or partial remission from depression.
Led by University of Oxford scientists,
the study examined outcome data from
nine trials comparing eight weeks of
mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
to usual care, often including the use of
maintenance antidepressant medication.
They found that the mindfulness
therapy participants, who in many cases
tapered or discontinued antidepressants,
were 23 percent less likely to relapse
than participants who continued on
antidepressants and did not take part
in the intervention (JAMA Psychiatry,
online April 27).
n Kids who join gangs are more likely
to be depressed and suicidal, and these
mental health problems only worsen
after joining, according to research by
Bowling Green State University and
Michigan State University scientists.
The investigators examined national
survey data from more than 11,000
middle- and high-school students
and found that gang membership
was associated with greater levels of
Older adults with hearing loss who use hearing
aids perform significantly better on cognitive
tests than those who do not use hearing aids,
according to research conducted at Columbia
University. The study involved 100 adults
with hearing loss, ages 80 to 99, including 34
participants who regularly used hearing aids.
Researchers conducted audiometric tests to
measure the degree of each participant’s hearing
loss, and performed cognitive and executive
function assessments. Hearing aid users, who
when not aided had worse hearing than nonusers, performed significantly better on the
cognitive function tests compared with those
who did not use the aids (American Journal of
Geriatric Psychiatry, online April 12).