20 Monitor on Psychology • September 2015
n We remember individual colors in
terms of their color category, according
to a study led by a Johns Hopkins
University psychologist and colleagues.
Researchers briefly presented participants
with colors one at a time on a screen.
After each color was removed from view,
participants had to select the color they
had just seen from a ring of 180 colors
spanning the spectrum. They found
that when researchers presented colors
that were close to a category center, such
as the yellowest yellow or the greenest
green, participants did better at selecting
the matching color on the ring. As they
moved toward colors on the borders
of categories, such as teal, participants
tended to remember the color as closer
to its category center than the actual
color presented (Journal of Experimental
Psychology: General, online May 18).
n Risky outdoor play strengthens
children’s physical health and
encourages creativity, social skills and
resilience, according to a systematic
review led by University of British
Columbia scientists. The researchers
compiled data from 18 studies
conducted with more than 50,000
Participants were better able to remember colors when they thought of the colors in terms of color categories, a new study has found.