n Taking a walk may lead to more
creative thinking than sitting,
according to research at Stanford
University. In one of several
experiments, 48 college students sat
alone in a small room at a desk facing
a blank wall. When a researcher named
an object, the student was asked to
name alternative ways to use the object.
For example, for the word “button,” a
person might say “as a doorknob on a
dollhouse.” The students heard several
sets of words and were asked to name
as many responses as possible. The
participants then repeated the task
with different words while walking
on a treadmill facing a blank wall in
the same room. They found that the
students gave more creative responses
when walking than when sitting (Journal
of Experimental Psychology: Learning,
Memory, and Cognition, online April 21).
n Young dads appear to be at high risk
for depression, according to research
by scientists at Northwestern University.
Using data collected from more than
10,000 young men over nearly 20
years, researchers found that depressive
symptoms increased on average by
68 percent over the first five years of
fatherhood. The men were about 25
years old on average when they became
fathers and lived in the same homes
as their children. Previous research
has shown depressed dads use more
corporal punishment, read less and
interact less with their children, and are
more likely to be stressed and neglect
their children (Pediatrics, May 1).
Snapshots of some of the latest peer-reviewed
research within psychology and related fields.
Students gave more creative responses when walking than when sitting, a study finds.