Karen Stamm, PhD, Peggy Christidis, PhD, Auntré Hamp, MEd, MPH, Andrew Nigrinis, PhD, of APA’s Center for Workforce Studies.
1. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). (1984–2012). Completions surveys.
[Data files and dictionaries]. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/datacenter/DataFiles.aspx.
2. IPEDS CIP codes for instructional programs were used to identify subfields. IPEDS doctoral degree categories were used to identify types of doctoral degrees. Definitions can be found in the IPEDS glossary: http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/glossary.
3. Subfields classified as health service psychology can be found in Table 3 of the APA Member Profiles: www.apa.org/workforce/publications/13-member/table-3.pdf.
More than 6,000 doctorates in psychology were awarded by U.S. institutions1 for the 2011–12 academic
year, according to the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System.
The majority of doctoral degrees in psychology were classified as research/scholarship ( 74 percent),
with fewer designated as professional practice ( 24 percent) or other types ( 1 percent). 2
More than half ( 54 percent) of psychology doctorates were awarded in health service psychology
This continues a 30-year growth trend in these subfields. The largest increases have been in clinical,
counseling and school psychology. 1
News from APA’s Center for Workforce Studies
How many psychology doctorates are awarded by U.S. institutions?
Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), 2012 Completions Survey.
Number of Doctorates Awarded by Psychology Subfield2
Clinical Psychology, 2,480
Psychology, General, 1,800
Educational Psychology, 470
Counseling Psychology, 420
School Psychology, 260
Industrial & Organizational
Experimental Psychology, 110
Other Clinical, Counseling
& Applied Psychology, 50 Developmental & Child Psychology, 50
Social Psychology, 40
Other Psychology, 300
Continuing a 30-year increasing trend, women earned about 74 percent of these degrees. 1
Also continuing a 30-year increasing trend, approximately 22 percent of doctorates in psychology
were earned by minorities: 9 percent Hispanic/Latino, 7 percent Black/African-American, 5 percent
Asian, 1 percent two or more races and less than 1 percent American Indian/Alaska Native and Native
Hawaiian. 1 About 5 percent were awarded to nonresident alien students.