populations or types of disorders, such as mood and anxiety
disorders, neurocognitive disorders and children and
APA Board Member Nadine J. Kaslow, PhD, of Emory
University School of Medicine, has been working with an
international group of psychologists, psychiatrists and other
mental health professionals to ensure that the ICD- 11 gives
more attention to interpersonal factors that may affect both
mental and physical health.
Kaslow cites as an example the difference between having a
broken arm because your parents beat you up versus having one
because you were playing soccer, fell down and hurt yourself.
The same goes for mental health diagnoses.
“Clearly, having information on relationship context can
make a big difference in the types of interventions people
consider for a particular problem,” says Kaslow. “And greater
attention to relationship context has the potential to improve
prevention as well as treatment efforts.”
Making the ICD easier to use is another goal. That’s
especially important since most people worldwide who
need mental health treatment will never see a mental health
professional, simply because specialists are not available. “The
field is telling us that the classification should be simplified
substantially,” says Reed. In the survey of psychiatrists, he points
out, more than 85 percent thought there should be fewer than
100 diagnostic categories.
changes to the DSM
When President David N. Elkins, PhD, and two colleagues within APA’s Div. 32 (Society for Humanistic Psychology) heard about the proposed
revisions to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders (DSM), they were alarmed. But what could three