tourists visit the maze at Hampton Court Palace in London on July 14, 1933. the maze — first built in the 1690s — was an
inspiration for the rat maze developed at Clark University in the late 1890s.
less important for its conclusions than
for the fact that it initiated a flood of
research using mazes. Over the next few
decades, versions of the Hampton Court
Maze and many variations of it appeared
throughout the academic landscape, as
research psychologists used the maze to
explore the basic processes of learning.
Rats weren’t the only subjects making
their way through the twists and turns;
Human maze studies began appearing,
ranging from simple table-top devices
that blindfolded humans tried to learn
by running a stylus through grooves cut
into wood, to human-size mazes in the
spirit of Hampton Court.